Explore the map above by clicking on the markers. Each marker represents the approximate site of a hemp processing plant. Light blue markers indicate a factory that only processed one hemp crop (1943), while dark blue markers indicate a plant that remained open through 1945 to process the 1944 crop. Clicking on the markers brings up photos and additional information about the plants (as much as could be found in contemporary reports).
|The shuttered government hemp mill in Lexington, IL, 1945.|
In 1944 the program was cut back by about 60 percent due to oversupply and renewed shipments of foreign fibers, such as Manila hemp, sisal, and jute. Despite the cutback, many farmers and their elected representatives, as well as the hemp program's federally appointed officials, called for continuation of hemp cultivation after 1945. The lower price and superior quality of foreign fibers eventually prevailed, however, and the Federal Bureau of Narcotics also helped quash the nascent industry when it refused to exclude hemp in its postwar enforcement of the Marijuana Tax Act.
This map will be updated as new information becomes available.
Map © 2019 by Nick Johnson